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Construction & Civil Engineering
Global warming and the depletion of our planet’s natural resources have awakened an attitude towards the energy future. The energy used to run a building in the European Union accounts for 40% of total energy consumption.
This means that residential and commercial buildings are big energy consumers. Energy for running buildings in newly built houses should be provided from renewable sources. It is only necessary to address the problem with timely and proper measures and to find the right solution.
We need to be aware that inefficiently used energy sources can lead to energy shortages and high pollution levels, which also endanger human lives.
There is also a need for awareness of sustainable construction, the use of environmentally friendly and people-friendly materials, the use of natural energy sources and the trend towards energy-saving modular buildings.
The certification of buildings in energy classes is determined by the energy certificate of the building according to the principles of sustainable construction. The energy certificate marked the beginning of an important construction phase and a growing interest in energy-efficient and sustainable construction.
This must be reflected in the design itself in the design of the building as well as in the subsequent renovation of an individual building. The work deals with sustainable building materials, modular construction and energy efficiency in construction.
Building is one of the activities that has to keep pace with innovation and innovation. Recently, it has become more important for energy-saving and sustainable construction.
Energy-saving systems have been a constant abroad for about two decades. In our country, however, they have only become common in the last ten years, and new requirements and regulations have emerged for the construction of facilities that require energy savings.
The theoretical part of the thesis deals with selected aspects of sustainable building materials and energy efficiency of timber and modular houses. Some important guidelines in the field of sustainable building in industrialised countries of the European Union are presented.
In the following, in accordance with the basic purpose of the thesis, we investigated the impact of energy efficiency on the composition of wall, ceiling and floor foundation slabs and roofs for each weekend house.
This was our starting point for generating hypotheses. In the empirical part of the thesis, we analysed how new materials affect energy efficiency, which is one of the crucial criteria for sustainable construction.
Similar to different studies in several countries, we found that modular construction is more energy efficient than timber construction and affects the durability of the building.